(A) - Area:
- Is enough of the area being filmed covered? eg: In an shoulder film is Glenohumeral joint covered?
- Have you exposed an area that is not required?
(C) - Collimation:
- Is the image properly collimated? eg is four way collimation seen on an extremities film?
(E) - Exposure:
- Were the exposure factors set correctly?
- Does the image show the correct contrast and density?
- Are there any factors that need to be changed to produce a better image?
(M) - Markers:
- Have markers been placed on the image?
- Are they correctly identifying left and right?
(N) - Name:
- Does the image correctly identify the patient?
- Does it have any other relevant identification details? eg x-ray number or department labels?
(P) PACEMAN is a technique for radiographers to use to determine if a plain film radiograph is of diagnostic quality.
It was devised in the 1980's by Roger Windle in Adelaide, South Australia to help other radiographers and students have a structured way in which to critique radiographic images.
It is an acronym used to remember the following
Below is a summary of the qualities that are needed for each letter of PACEMAN
(P) - Position:
- Is the patient in the correct position?
- Is the patient rotated?
- Does the image correctly show any needed joint spaces?